|SOURCE:||Al-Fasl-ul-Mubeen fee Mas'alat-il-Hijrah wa Mufaaraqat-il-Mushrikeen (pg. 32-36)|
It is essential for us to know that Hijrah done for the sake of Allaah, goes hand in hand with Jihaad, there being no difference between the two. In fact, it is the first stage from the (many) stages of Jihaad. This is because the person that migrates as a result of being harmed by the disbelievers, he will never sit down and stay lazy in the world. Instead, his yearning will be for Jihaad and he will make it his goal to fight in the Way of Allaah, hoping to gain Allaah's pleasure.
And whoever reflects on the Book of Allaah will see that there is a close link between the word "Jihaad" and the word "Hijrah". Just look at the following ayaat:
"Verily, those who have believed, and those who migrated and waged Jihaad in the Cause of Allaah, all these hope for Allaah's Mercy. And Allaah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful."[Surah Al-Baqarah: 218]
So the association between Hijrah and Jihaad is evidently clear, as there is no separation between the words "migrated" and "waged Jihaad", since both are relative to the same pronoun (i.e., those). This is since Allaah did not say: "Verily those who have believed, and those who migrated and those who waged Jihaad in the Cause of Allaah."
Allaah says: "So those who migrated and were driven out from their homes, suffering harm in My Cause, and who waged Jihaad and were killed (in My Cause), then verily, I will expiate for them their evil deeds and admit them into Gardens under which rivers flow (in Paradise). A reward from Allaah and with Allaah is the best of rewards." [Surah Aali-'Imraan: 195]
And He says: "Verily those who believed and migrated (made Hijrah) and strove hard in Jihaad with their wealth and their lives in the Cause of Allaah, as well as those who gave them asylum and help - they are all allies to one another. And as for those who believed but did not migrate, you owe no duty of protection to them until they migrate. But if they seek help from you in Religion, then it is your duty to help them, except against a people with whom you have a treaty of mutual alliance. And Allaah sees all that you do." [Surah Al-Anfaal: 72]
And He says: "And those who believed and migrated and strove hard in Jihaad in the Cause of Allaah, as well as those who gave them asylum and assistance - they are true believers. They will have forgiveness and a generous provision (in Paradise)." [Surah Al-Anfaal: 74]
And He says: "And those who believed afterwards and migrated and strove hard in Jihaad alongside you, they are all from you. But kindred by blood are nearer to one another (regarding inheritance) in the decree mentioned by Allaah. Verily, Allaah has knowledge over all things." [Surah Al-Anfaal: 75]
And He says: "Those who believed and migrated and fought in Jihaad for the Cause of Allaah, with their wealth and their lives, they have the greatest rank in the sight of Allaah. They are the successful ones." [Surah At-Tawbah: 20]
And Allaah says: "Then verily your Lord - regarding those who migrated after they had been put to trials and thereafter fought in Jihaad and were patient - verily, your Lord afterward is Most Forgiving, Most Merciful." [Surah An-Nahl: 110]
So the foundation (asl) is to link the word "Jihaad" with "Hijrah". As for the ayaat that do not mention the link between Hijrah and Jihaad, then they are very few and they contain reprimanding and condemnation of those who don’t migrate. An example of this is Allaah's statement: "Was not earth of Allaah spacious enough for you to migrate therein?" [Surah An-Nisaa: 97]
This individual has not even complied with the smallest of requirements, so is it possible that something greater (such as Jihaad) can be sought from him?
Another example of this is found in Allaah's saying: "So do not take any supporters from amongst them until they migrate in the Cause of Allaah." [Surah An-Nisaa: 89]
And His statement: "And as for those who believed but did not migrate, you owe no duty of protection to them until they migrate." [Surah Al-Anfaal: 72]
So is it likely that participation in Jihaad can be sought from one who doesn't migrate?!
In some places, the incitement for performing Hijrah is mentioned only, and so it is not linked to the word "Jihaad". An example of this is found in Allaah's saying: "And whosoever migrates in the Cause of Allaah, he will find many dwelling places and plenty (of sustenance) to live by."[Surah An-Nisaa: 100]
A majority of these kind of ayaat are mentioned in Surat-un-Noor because the context of their wordings relate to the one who refuses to make Hijrah. And Allaah knows best.
Also, when the scholars gave the reasons why Hijrah is recommended for an individual that is able to openly demonstrate and practice his Religion while not fearing fitnah, they mentioned that one of these reasons was so that the Muslims could have larger numbers and so that they could be prepared for Jihaad in the Cause of Allaah.
Furthermore, anyone that wants to research this issue of Hijrah will find the sources in the books of the scholars under the sections concerning Jihaad. And this is only because of the link and close relation between the two.